The cloud computing revolution has profoundly impacted our lives over the last decade. Many businesses rely on cloud services and data centers for day-to-day operations. Cloud has simplified consumers’ lives, including those who don’t realize its importance.

Business owners used to have to maintain their own on-premises IT infrastructure, employ IT staff, etc. However, companies have shifted to the cloud by taking advantage of cloud services such as Google Cloud, Microsoft Azure, and Amazon Web Services (AWS). It only requires a decent internet connection. Cloud computing offers a highly flexible and accessible method of computing. Cloud computing has several significant benefits, including cost reductions, data storage, and scalability. Throughout this article, we will explore the advantages and disadvantages of cloud computing.

What Is Cloud Computing

Cloud computing refers to software and hardware delivered over a network. In its simplest form, cloud computing is the abstraction of a complex infrastructure. It powers software, hardware, and remote computing. Internet-based computing is cloud computing. In the past, software was downloaded onto a computer or server in a person’s building to run applications or programs. By using cloud computing, people can access similar applications over the internet.

With the advent of cloud computing in seconds, software development has become more agile and faster. During this process, data is stored and processed on remote servers. It reduces the workload of the device accessing the cloud. Cloud servers host software, platforms, and databases remotely. It reduces the memory usage of personal computers. The cloud computing provider can provide credentials for accessing cloud services.

The Cloud Computing Process: How Does It Work?

Cloud computing involves delivering computing resources via the Internet. It offers resources such as IT infrastructure and data centers.  Businesses can access software programs on a cloud service provider’s network. It eliminates the need to invest and maintain its own IT infrastructure. Hence, companies only pay for the resources they consume.

There are two main types of cloud computing processes: the front and backend. A user can access their data using the cloud computing application frontend component. A backend is composed of servers, computers, and databases.

List of Pros and Cons of Cloud Computing

Top 8 Advantages Of Cloud Computing

Numerous advantages of cloud computing have encouraged corporations and startups to embrace it. Cloud computing can help you protect sensitive data. Here are some of the most important advantages of cloud computing.

  1. Fast and Easy Deployment

As cloud computing became a reality in seconds, software development became more agile and faster. Testing innovative ideas and designing application architecture has never been easier. Hardware requirements on-site and slow procurement processes no longer limit us.

  1. Secure Data Storage

Data security is a major concern for all businesses, regardless of size or industry. Cybercrime and data breaches can ruin a company’s revenues and brand image. Cloud storage and data handling are secured with many advanced security features. For example, granular permissions and federated roles enable administrators to prevent employees from accessing sensitive data without their permission, limiting malicious actors’ attack surface.

Security is a baseline feature of cloud-based platforms and data. Most enterprises strengthen cloud data security with their security measures to secure data. Cloud computing provides access control, encryption, and authentication to secure the data.

  1. Enhanced Collaboration

Cloud applications facilitate seamless communication and information sharing in a secure environment. With cloud computing, more than one person can edit documents simultaneously and transparently.

  1. Disaster Recovery

A business of any size can be irreparably damaged by data loss and downtime. Several major cloud vendors have robust disaster recovery plans for unforeseen disruptions. Power outages, natural disasters, and hardware/software failures can cause downtime.

  1. Automatic Updates

IT staff can spend a great deal of time manually updating software organization-wide. By contrast, cloud computing services regularly update their systems with the latest technology. Thus, companies receive the latest software versions and the most powerful processors.

  1. Reduced Costs And Increased Efficiency

Using cloud infrastructure can reduce equipment purchases and maintenance costs. Thus, CAPEX costs and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) are drastically reduced. To grow your business, you don’t need to build a big data center, buy hardware, or invest in facilities. Companies don’t need to maintain an IT department for maintenance. Since the cloud service providers will assist you in technical matters.

The cloud also reduces the costs associated with downtime. With cloud systems, downtime is rare. Therefore, you don’t need to spend money and time fixing downtime-related issues.

  1. Scalability

It is important to note that IT requirements are different for every organization. An enterprise with more than 1000 employees will have different IT needs than a start-up. Cloud computing makes it easy for enterprises to scale up IT departments quickly.

The cloud is the ideal solution for businesses that grow or undergo fluctuation. Without investing in physical infrastructure, you can easily increase your cloud capacity. As a result, cloud computing can provide businesses with a significant competitive advantage. As a result, the risks related to in-house operations and maintenance can be minimized. One of the biggest advantages of cloud computing is its scalability.

  1. A Large Storage Capacity

With the cloud, any data can be stored in a wide range of cloud storage types. It depends on the data’s availability, performance, and frequency of access. Storage costs increase with availability, speed, and frequency of access. Optimizing the cloud cost structure can reduce cloud storage costs significantly. 

Top 4 Disadvantages Of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing offers many advantages. However, the cloud also has some disadvantages. So businesses must consider before moving to the cloud. Cloud computing has five major disadvantages.

  1. Downtime 

Cloud computing relies heavily on the internet. Businesses cannot access cloud data and applications without an active internet connection. In 2020, Google suffered three major outages affecting its global services and users.

  1. Lock In With Vendors

It is challenging to migrate a company’s workloads and services between cloud providers. Compatibility or integration issues may arise due to differences between cloud environments. In addition, companies may expose their data to unnecessary security vulnerabilities.

  1. Lack Of Control

The cloud infrastructure is managed and owned by the cloud vendor. You might face restrictions in data, applications, and services. Therefore, a business needs an end-user license agreement (EULA) that clearly explains what a business can and cannot do with cloud infrastructure.

  1. Security 

Data security is one of the main concerns of companies storing sensitive data in the cloud. Cloud service companies employ advanced security measures. However, it imposes poses a security risk as it uses third-party servers. An organization that uses cloud computing relies on its vendor for IT security. Consequently, every party has responsibility for its assets, processes, and functions.


Most enterprise IT systems have been designed to run on custom-configured infrastructure. Consequently, applications running on these systems demanded custom storage and computing configurations. To keep their systems up and running, companies needed in-house IT experts. Moreover, one needs to update and add capacity as needed manually. You can relieve your IT department of all these burdens by using cloud computing. As a result, you will be able to standardize and automate many of your IT systems. It improves your productivity and innovation. A cloud adoption roadmap is necessary for planning your cloud journey.